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    文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-03-23 08:18 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
    Do you drink a lot of coffee? The water boiling in the kettle, the aroma1, the first mouthful from the cup in the morning – so many people see it as part of a ritual that it inspired an expression in English: 'Wake up and smell the coffee!'
    I read the other day in the New Scientist magazine that coffee contains a stimulant2, caffeine, which is the planet's most popular "psychoactive drug". In the United States alone, more than 90% of adults are estimated to use it every day. That's a lot of people!
    Organisations which research public health thought it too. They're concerned about the addition of caffeine to products such as waffles, energy drinks and chewing gum. Lynne Goldman, dean of the George Washington University School of Public Health, says that many people don't know how much caffeine they are taking. As a result they could have insomnia3, indigestion or high blood pressure.
    I don't want to have any of that but I must say that when I can't have any coffee I feel a bit tired, have a mild headache and find it difficult to concentrate. Scientists say that these must be the withdrawal4 symptoms of caffeine - because coffee can cause an addiction5.
    But if you are a coffee lover like me, you shouldn't be afraid because in moderation, caffeine may have some positive effects. A study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition linked drinking coffee and tea with a lower risk of diabetes6.
    There is an interesting story behind the use of coffee. Stephen Braun, author of Buzz: The Science and Lore7 of Alcohol and Caffeine, says that the substance became popular in Europe with the industrial revolution. There was a race for productivity during that time.
    And some famous people believed that coffee has creative powers. French novelist and playwright8 Honoré de Balzac and German composer Ludwig van Beethoven are said to have liked it a lot.
    American film-maker David Lynch ate at the same Los Angeles diner every day for seven years. He drank up to seven cups of coffee with lots of sugar every time, which he said would guarantee him "lots of ideas".
    What about you: Does coffee fill you with ideas? Is it an important part of your social life?


    1 aroma Nvfz9     
    • The whole house was filled with the aroma of coffee.滿屋子都是咖啡的香味。
    • The air was heavy with the aroma of the paddy fields.稻花飄香。
    2 stimulant fFKy4     
    • It is used in medicine for its stimulant quality.由于它有興奮劑的特性而被應用于醫學。
    • Musk is used for perfume and stimulant.麝香可以用作香料和興奮劑。
    3 insomnia EbFzK     
    • Worries and tenseness can lead to insomnia.憂慮和緊張會導致失眠。
    • He is suffering from insomnia.他患失眠癥。
    4 withdrawal Cfhwq     
    • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫進行戰術撤退。
    • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他們堅持要收回那些話并公開道歉。
    5 addiction JyEzS     
    • He stole money from his parents to feed his addiction.他從父母那兒偷錢以滿足自己的嗜好。
    • Areas of drug dealing are hellholes of addiction,poverty and murder.販賣毒品的地區往往是吸毒上癮、貧困和發生謀殺的地方。
    6 diabetes uPnzu     
    • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.對于糖尿病患者,醫生告誡他們不要吃糖。
    • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由體內胰島素分泌失調引起的。
    7 lore Y0YxW     
    • I will seek and question him of his lore.我倒要找上他,向他討教他的淵博的學問。
    • Early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend.早期人類通過傳說傳遞有關植物和動物的知識。
    8 playwright 8Ouxo     
    • Gwyn Thomas was a famous playwright.格溫·托馬斯是著名的劇作家。
    • The playwright was slaughtered by the press.這位劇作家受到新聞界的無情批判。
    TAG標簽: coffee products drink