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    如何控制怒氣
    文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-03-23 08:26 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
    Do you often get angry? If the answer is yes, you are not alone. Bad traffic, disagreements with people and other occurrences can potentially be a nuisance. But can you control your temper or do you bristle1 with rage every time someone crosses you?
     
    One footballer known for his temper is Liverpool striker, Louis Suarez. After a confrontation2 in a match against Chelsea, he sank his teeth into his opponent Branislav Ivanovic's flesh. The bite caused outrage3 and he was ordered to go on an anger management course.
     
    In 2007, supermodel Naomi Campbell was ordered to take the same type of classes by a New York court after pleading guilty to assaulting her housekeeper4.
     
    If you are not famous, your anonymity5 might spare your blushes when it comes to meltdowns in public but it might not keep you out of court. Many ordinary people may be referred by the police or a doctor, or simply sign up themselves.
     
    The theory of anger management was developed in the 1970s. The first reference to the term cited by the Oxford6 English Dictionary comes in 1975, in the work of US psychologist Raymond Novaco.
     
    Today's courses are based on cognitive7 behaviour therapy, says Isabel Clarke, who has been running them for the UK's National Health Service in Southampton. She says: "What convinced me is seeing people change. For people who use anger and bullying8 to change that is a big ask."
     
    It doesn't work for everyone. About 30% of people dropped out. But for those who persevered9, it led them to change their behaviour, says Clarke.
     
    Among the recommendations for people with a short fuse are: accept that different opinions are acceptable, listen to the other person and don't take anything personally.
     
    Control used to be seen as repression10. But these days letting it all out, ranting11 and raving12, is viewed as destructive behaviour, says Antonia Macaro, the Financial Times' agony aunt.
     
    Maybe the best thing is just count to ten when you feel you are about to hit the roof. It might not give you time to calm down but will allow the other person to run away.


    點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

    1 bristle gs1zo     
    v.(毛發)直立,氣勢洶洶,發怒;n.硬毛發
    參考例句:
    • It has a short stumpy tail covered with bristles.它粗短的尾巴上鬃毛濃密。
    • He bristled with indignation at the suggestion that he was racist.有人暗示他是個種族主義者,他對此十分惱火。
    2 confrontation xYHy7     
    n.對抗,對峙,沖突
    參考例句:
    • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我們不能冒再次同工會對抗的危險。
    • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在對抗很長時間后,他們最后達成安寧生存的非正式協議。
    3 outrage hvOyI     
    n.暴行,侮辱,憤怒;vt.凌辱,激怒
    參考例句:
    • When he heard the news he reacted with a sense of outrage.他得悉此事時義憤填膺。
    • We should never forget the outrage committed by the Japanese invaders.我們永遠都不應該忘記日本侵略者犯下的暴行。
    4 housekeeper 6q2zxl     
    n.管理家務的主婦,女管家
    參考例句:
    • A spotless stove told us that his mother is a diligent housekeeper.爐子清潔無瑕就表明他母親是個勤勞的主婦。
    • She is an economical housekeeper and feeds her family cheaply.她節約持家,一家人吃得很省。
    5 anonymity IMbyq     
    n.the condition of being anonymous
    參考例句:
    • Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity. 為了姓名保密,書中的人用的都是化名。
    • Our company promises to preserve the anonymity of all its clients. 我們公司承諾不公開客戶的姓名。
    6 Oxford Wmmz0a     
    n.牛津(英國城市)
    參考例句:
    • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他現在已是牛津大學的化學教授了。
    • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.這是去牛津的路與去倫敦的路的匯合處。
    7 cognitive Uqwz0     
    adj.認知的,認識的,有感知的
    參考例句:
    • As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子們越長越大,他們的認知過程變得更為敏銳。
    • The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.認知心理學者倒很像一個需要通曉鐘表如何運轉的鐘表修理匠。
    8 bullying f23dd48b95ce083d3774838a76074f5f     
    v.恐嚇,威逼( bully的現在分詞 );豪;跋扈
    參考例句:
    • Many cases of bullying go unreported . 很多恐嚇案件都沒有人告發。
    • All cases of bullying will be severely dealt with. 所有以大欺小的情況都將受到嚴肅處理。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
    9 persevered b3246393c709e55e93de64dc63360d37     
    v.堅忍,堅持( persevere的過去式和過去分詞 )
    參考例句:
    • She persevered with her violin lessons. 她孜孜不倦地學習小提琴。
    • Hard as the conditions were, he persevered in his studies. 雖然條件艱苦,但他仍堅持學習。 來自辭典例句
    10 repression zVyxX     
    n.鎮壓,抑制,抑壓
    參考例句:
    • The repression of your true feelings is harmful to your health.壓抑你的真實感情有害健康。
    • This touched off a new storm against violent repression.這引起了反對暴力鎮壓的新風暴。
    11 ranting f455c2eeccb0d93f31e63b89e6858159     
    v.夸夸其談( rant的現在分詞 );大叫大嚷地以…說教;氣憤地)大叫大嚷;不停地大聲抱怨
    參考例句:
    • Mrs. Sakagawa stopped her ranting. 坂川太太戛然中斷悲聲。 來自辭典例句
    • He was ranting about the murder of his dad. 他大叫她就是殺死他父親的兇手。 來自電影對白
    12 raving c42d0882009d28726dc86bae11d3aaa7     
    adj.說胡話的;瘋狂的,怒吼的;非常漂亮的;令人醉心[癡心]的v.胡言亂語(rave的現在分詞)n.胡話;瘋話adv.胡言亂語地;瘋狂地
    參考例句:
    • The man's a raving lunatic. 那個男子是個語無倫次的瘋子。
    • When I told her I'd crashed her car, she went stark raving bonkers. 我告訴她我把她的車撞壞了時,她暴跳如雷。
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