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            文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2006-09-29 05:55 字體: [ ]  進入論壇

            Letter that Changed My Life


            I was not yet 30 years old and was working as a firefighter(消防隊員) in the South Bronx's Engine Co. 82, probably the world's most active firehouse at the time. It was warm and sunny, the kind of leisurely1 Sunday that brought extra activity to the neighborhood and to its firefighters. We must have had 15 or 20 calls that day, the worst being a garbage fire in the rear of an abandoned building, which required a hard pull of 600 feet of cotton-jacketed hose.

            Between alarms I would rush to the company office to read Captain Gray's copy of the Sunday New York Times. It was late in the afternoon when I finally got to the Book Review section(紐約時報的書評版). As I read it, my blood began to boil. An article blatantly2 stated what I took to be a calumny3 -- that William Butler Yeats(葉芝,威廉·巴特勒1865-1939愛爾蘭作家,被認為是20世紀最偉大的詩人之一), the Nobel Prize-winning light of the Irish Literary Renaissance4, had transcended5 his Irishness and was forever to be known as a universal poet.

            There were few things I was more proud of than my Irish heritage, and ever since I first picked up a book of his poems from a barracks shelf when I was in the military, Yeats had been my favorite Irish writer, followed by Sean O'Casey and James Joyce.

            My ancestors were Irish farmers, fishermen and blue-collar workers, but as far as I can tell, they all had a feeling for literature. It was passed on to my own mother, a telephone operator(話務員), who hardly ever sat down without a book in her hands. And at that moment my own fingernails might have been soiled with the soot6 of the day's fires, but I felt as prepared as any Trinity don to stand up in the court of public opinion and protest. Not only that Yeats had lived his life and written his poetry through the very essence of his Irish sensibility, but that it was offensive to think Irishness -- no matter if it was psychological, social or literary -- was something to be transcended.

            My stomach was churning, and I determined7 not to let an idle minute pass. "Hey, Captain Gray. Could I use your typewriter?" I asked.

            The typewriter was so old that I had to use just one finger to type, my strongest one, even though I could type with all ten. I grabbed the first piece of clean paper I could find -- one that had the logo of the Fire Department of the City of New York across the top -- and, hoping there would be a break in the alarms for 20 minutes or so, wrote out a four-paragraph letter of indignation to the editor of the Sunday Book Review(「紐約時報」書評).

            Throughout his poetry, I postulated8, Yeats yearned9 for a messiah to lead Ireland out from under the bondage10 of English rule, and his view of the world and the people in it was fundamentally Irish.

            Just as I addressed the envelope, the final alarm of my tour came in, and as I slid down the long brass11 pole, I felt unexpectedly calm, as if a great rock had been purged12 from the bottom of my stomach.

            I don't know why I felt it my obligation to safeguard the reputation of the world's greatest poet, at least next to Homer and Shakespeare, or to inscribe13 an apologia for Irish writing. I just knew that I had to write that letter, in the same way a priest has to pray, or a musician has to play an instrument.

            Until that point in my life I had not written much of value -- a few poems and short stories, the beginning of a coming-of-age novel. I knew that my writing was anything but refined. Like a beginning artist who loves to draw, I understood that the more one draws, or writes, or does anything, the better the end result will be, and so I wrote often to better control my writing skills, to master them. I sent some material to various magazines and reviews but found no one willing to publish me.

            It was a special and unexpected delight, then, when I learned something I'd written would finally see print. Ironically it wasn't one of my poems or short stories -- it was my letter to the Times. I suppose the editor decided14 to publish it because he was first attracted by the official nature of my stationery15 (was his staff taking smoke breaks out on the fire escape?), and then by the incongruity16 of a ghetto17 firefighter's using words like messianism, for in the lines below my letter it was announced that I was a New York City firefighter. I'd like to think, though, that the editor silently agreed with my thesis.

            I remember receiving through the fire department's address about 20 sympathetic and congratulatory letters from professors around the country. These letters made me feel like I was not only a published writer but an opinion maker18. It was as if I was suddenly thrust into being someone whose views mattered.

            I also received a letter from True magazine and one from The New Yorker, asking for an interview. It was the latter that proved momentous19, for when an article titled "Fireman Smith" appeared in that magazine, I received a telephone call from the editor of a large publishing firm who asked if I might be interested in writing a book about my life.

            I had little confidence in my ability to write a whole book, though I did intuit that my work as a firefighter was a worthy20 subject. And so I wrote Report From Engine Co. 82 in six months, and it went on to sell two million copies and to be translated into 12 languages. In the years that followed, I wrote three more best-sellers, and last year published a memoir21, A Song for Mary: An Irish-American Memory.

            Being a writer had been far from my expectations; being a best-selling author was almost unfathomable. How had it happened? I often found myself thinking about it, marveling at it, and my thoughts always came back to that letter to the New York Times.

            For me, the clearest explanation is that I had found the subject I was searching for, one I felt so strongly about that the writing was a natural consequence of the passion I felt. I was to feel this same kind of passion when I began writing about firefighters and, later, when writing about my mother. These are subjects that, to me, represent the great values of human life -- decency22, honesty and fairness -- subjects that burn within me as I write.

            Over the years, all five of my children have come to me periodically with one dilemma23 or another. Should I study English or art? Should I go out for soccer or basketball? Should I take a job with this company or that one?

            My answer is always the same, yet they still ask, for reassurance24 is a good and helpful thing. Think about what you're feeling deep down in the pit of your stomach, I tell them, and measure the heat of the fire there, for that is the passion that will flow through your heart. Your education and your experience will guide you toward making a right decision, but your passion will enable you to make a difference in whatever you do.

            That's what I learned the day I stood up for Ireland's greatest poet.


            1 leisurely 51Txb     
            • We walked in a leisurely manner,looking in all the windows.我們慢悠悠地走著,看遍所有的櫥窗。
            • He had a leisurely breakfast and drove cheerfully to work.他從容的吃了早餐,高興的開車去工作。
            2 blatantly rxkztU     
            • Safety guidelines had been blatantly ignored. 安全規章被公然置之不顧。
            • They walked grandly through the lobby, blatantly arm in arm, pretending they were not defeated. 他們大大方方地穿過門廳,故意炫耀地挎著胳膊,假裝他們沒有被打敗。
            3 calumny mT1yn     
            • Calumny is answered best with silence.沉默可以止謗。
            • Calumny require no proof.誹謗無需證據。
            4 renaissance PBdzl     
            • The Renaissance was an epoch of unparalleled cultural achievement.文藝復興是一個文化上取得空前成就的時代。
            • The theme of the conference is renaissance Europe.大會的主題是文藝復興時期的歐洲。
            5 transcended a7a0e6bdf6a24ce6bdbaf8c2ffe3d3b7     
            超出或超越(經驗、信念、描寫能力等)的范圍( transcend的過去式和過去分詞 ); 優于或勝過…
            • He wanted assurance that he had transcended what was inherently ambiguous. 他要證明,他已經超越了本來就是混淆不清的事情。
            • It transcended site to speak to universal human concerns. 它超越了場所的局限,表達了人類共同的心聲。
            6 soot ehryH     
            • Soot is the product of the imperfect combustion of fuel.煤煙是燃料不完全燃燒的產物。
            • The chimney was choked with soot.煙囪被煤灰堵塞了。
            7 determined duszmP     
            • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已決定畢業后去西藏。
            • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他決定查看一下辦公室后面的房間。
            8 postulated 28ea70fa3a37cd78c20423a907408aaa     
            v.假定,假設( postulate的過去式和過去分詞 )
            • They postulated a 500-year lifespan for a plastic container. 他們假定塑料容器的壽命為500年。
            • Freud postulated that we all have a death instinct as well as a life instinct. 弗洛伊德曾假定我們所有人都有生存本能和死亡本能。 來自辭典例句
            9 yearned df1a28ecd1f3c590db24d0d80c264305     
            渴望,切盼,向往( yearn的過去式和過去分詞 )
            • The people yearned for peace. 人民渴望和平。
            • She yearned to go back to the south. 她渴望回到南方去。
            10 bondage 0NtzR     
            • Masters sometimes allowed their slaves to buy their way out of bondage.奴隸主們有時允許奴隸為自己贖身。
            • They aim to deliver the people who are in bondage to superstitious belief.他們的目的在于解脫那些受迷信束縛的人。
            11 brass DWbzI     
            • Many of the workers play in the factory's brass band.許多工人都在工廠銅管樂隊中演奏。
            • Brass is formed by the fusion of copper and zinc.黃銅是通過銅和鋅的熔合而成的。
            12 purged 60d8da88d3c460863209921056ecab90     
            清除(政敵等)( purge的過去式和過去分詞 ); 滌除(罪惡等); 凈化(心靈、風氣等); 消除(錯事等)的不良影響
            • He purged his enemies from the Party. 他把他的敵人從黨內清洗出去。
            • The iron in the chemical compound must be purged. 化學混合物中的鐵必須清除。
            13 inscribe H4qyN     
            • Will you inscribe your name in the book?能否請你在這本書上簽名?
            • I told the jeweler to inscribe the ring with my name.我叫珠寶商把我的名字刻在那只戒指上。
            14 decided lvqzZd     
            • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
            • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
            15 stationery ku6wb     
            • She works in the stationery department of a big store.她在一家大商店的文具部工作。
            • There was something very comfortable in having plenty of stationery.文具一多,心里自會覺得踏實。
            16 incongruity R8Bxo     
            • She smiled at the incongruity of the question.面對這樣突兀的問題,她笑了。
            • When the particular outstrips the general,we are faced with an incongruity.當特別是超過了總的來講,我們正面臨著一個不協調。
            17 ghetto nzGyV     
            • Racism and crime still flourish in the ghetto.城市貧民區的種族主義和犯罪仍然十分猖獗。
            • I saw that achievement as a possible pattern for the entire ghetto.我把獲得的成就看作整個黑人區可以仿效的榜樣。
            18 maker DALxN     
            • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是個搗蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
            • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木工必須是技藝高超的手藝人。
            19 momentous Zjay9     
            • I am deeply honoured to be invited to this momentous occasion.能應邀出席如此重要的場合,我深感榮幸。
            • The momentous news was that war had begun.重大的新聞是戰爭已經開始。
            20 worthy vftwB     
            • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我認為他不值得信賴。
            • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.沒有值得一提的事發生。
            21 memoir O7Hz7     
            • He has just published a memoir in honour of his captain.他剛剛出了一本傳記來紀念他的隊長。
            • In her memoir,the actress wrote about the bittersweet memories of her first love.在那個女演員的自傳中,她寫到了自己苦樂摻半的初戀。
            22 decency Jxzxs     
            • His sense of decency and fair play made him refuse the offer.他的正直感和公平競爭意識使他拒絕了這一提議。
            • Your behaviour is an affront to public decency.你的行為有傷風化。
            23 dilemma Vlzzf     
            • I am on the horns of a dilemma about the matter.這件事使我進退兩難。
            • He was thrown into a dilemma.他陷入困境。
            24 reassurance LTJxV     
            • He drew reassurance from the enthusiastic applause.熱烈的掌聲使他獲得了信心。
            • Reassurance is especially critical when it comes to military activities.消除疑慮在軍事活動方面尤為關鍵。
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