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    氣候變暖將導致大量物種消失
    文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-03-23 02:54 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
    Can you imagine a world where more than half of our common plant species and a third of our known animals disappear from sight? That's the scenario1 suggested by new research on the impact of climate change.
     
    An international team of researchers looked at the impact of rising temperatures on nearly 50,000 species of plants and animals. They came to the conclusion that these are to decline due to changes in their habitat.
     
    They looked at temperature and rainfall records for the habitats in which these species now live, and mapped the areas that would remain suitable for them under different weather conditions.
     
    The scientists projected that if no significant efforts were made to limit greenhouse gas emissions2, by the year 2100 global temperatures would be 4C above pre-industrial levels. In this scenario, some 34% of animal species and 57% of plants would lose more than half of their current habitat ranges.
     
    The impact on species will be felt more heavily in some parts of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, Central America, the Amazon region and Australia.
     
    Our society would be affected3 too, according to Dr Rachel Warren, from the University of East Anglia in Britain. She says: "There'll be a knock-on effect for humans because these species are important for things like water and air purification, flood control and nutrient4 cycling, and eco-tourism."
     
    In spite of the conclusions to this paper, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, it is not all doom5 and gloom. Dr Warren says: "Swift action to reduce CO2 and other greenhouse gases can prevent the biodiversity loss by reducing the amount of global warming to 2C rather than 4 degrees."
     
    The researcher believes that this would buy time for plants and animals to adapt to the change.
     
    If nothing is changed and the predictions of this study are confirmed, the world might look very different in a few generations.


    點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

    1 scenario lZoxm     
    n.劇本,腳本;概要
    參考例句:
    • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩腳本并非完全準確的。
    • This is a totally different scenario.這是完全不同的劇本。
    2 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
    排放物( emission的名詞復數 ); 散發物(尤指氣體)
    參考例句:
    • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多數科學家都相信氣候變化與排放的含碳氣體有關。
    • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危險的輻射物從钚放散出來。
    3 affected TzUzg0     
    adj.不自然的,假裝的
    參考例句:
    • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假裝對我們的課題感到興趣。
    • His manners are affected.他的態度不自然。
    4 nutrient 3vpye     
    adj.營養的,滋養的;n.營養物,營養品
    參考例句:
    • Magnesium is the nutrient element in plant growth.鎂是植物生長的營養要素。
    • The roots transmit moisture and nutrient to the trunk and branches.根將水分和養料輸送到干和枝。
    5 doom gsexJ     
    n.厄運,劫數;v.注定,命定
    參考例句:
    • The report on our economic situation is full of doom and gloom.這份關于我們經濟狀況的報告充滿了令人絕望和沮喪的調子。
    • The dictator met his doom after ten years of rule.獨裁者統治了十年終于完蛋了。
    TAG標簽: climate species change
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