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    搜尋失蹤的大白鯊
    文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-03-25 07:38 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
    On a hillside overlooking False Bay [South Africa] – shark spotters are keeping a close watch on the waves.
    在俯瞰南非福爾斯灣的山坡上,鯊魚觀察者們正在密切關注著海浪。
     
    After all, this coastline near Cape1 Town has long been home to hundreds if not thousands of the world's most famous predator2. Until now.
    畢竟,開普敦附近的這片海岸線長期以來都是數百甚至上千頭舉世聞名的食肉動物的家園。然而,今非昔比。
     
    South Africa's great white sharks – the stuff of nightmares and of nature documentaries – have gone mysteriously missing.
    南非大白鯊,這種通常出現在噩夢和自然紀錄片中的動物,神秘地失蹤了。
     
    Monwabisi Sikweyiya, Shark Spotters
    Wherever you go, if you put your feet into the water, you expect to encounter white shark, but that's not the case no more. I don't even remember the last time I saw the shark.
     
    蒙瓦比西·錫克維耶亞    鯊魚觀察者組織(Shark Spotters)
    “過去,不管你走到哪里,如果你把腳伸入水中,你可能就會遇到大白鯊,但現在情況不同了。我都不記得最后一次看到鯊魚是什么時候了。”
     
    It's two years now since they vanished, and the economic impact has been devastating3. The great white tourism industry has collapsed4.
    自大白鯊消失以來,已經兩年了,對經濟造成了毀滅性打擊。該地區靠大白鯊吸引游客帶動的旅游業已經崩潰。
     
    But why did they disappear? This amateur footage shows the arrival of two suspects, a pair of orcas – killer5 whales – could they have scared off all those great whites?
    但大白鯊為什么會消失呢?這段由業余人士拍攝的錄像記錄了兩名嫌疑犯的到來,一對虎鯨,別名逆戟鯨,是它們把大白鯊都嚇跑了嗎?
     
    Sarah Warries, CEO, Shark Spotters
    To us, the arrival of these orcas and then the reduction in shark activity does all seem to be correlated. It appears that the orcas arrived and the sharks just are aware that they are no longer the apex6 predator any more.
    莎拉·沃瑞斯     鯊魚觀察者組織首席執行官
    “對我們來說,這些虎鯨的到來和鯊魚活動的減少似乎都是相關的?磥硎腔ⅥL一來,鯊魚就意識到自己不再是食物鏈頂端的掠食者了。”
     
    But here is another theory. Local fishermen have been catching7 smaller sharks to export to fish and chip shops in Australia. Those sharks formed part of the great whites' diet.
    但還有另一種理論。當地漁民一直在捕撈較小的鯊魚,出口到澳大利亞的炸魚和薯條店。而這些鯊魚正是大白鯊的食物之一。
     
    But other shark detectives see a more complicated crime scene. Dr Sarah Andreotti used to study great whites here. Now she's using a harpoon8 to scrape DNA9 from smaller species.
    但其他的鯊魚偵探認為犯罪現場的真相更復雜。莎拉·安德烈奧蒂博士曾經在這里研究大白鯊。她正在用魚叉從較小的鯊魚物種身上刮取DNA。
     
    Her view is that the great white population has been shrinking unnoticed for many years because of climate change, pollution, overfishing – a range of human activities.
    她的觀點是,大白鯊的數量多年來一直在悄聲無息地減少,原因是氣候變化、污染和過度捕撈這一系列人類活動。
     
    Dr Sara Andreotti, University of Stellenbosch
    It is not just frustrating10, it's the feeling that that happened under our watch, you know, we saw the sharks, we saw the numbers were not great, and the work we did wasn't enough to get the environment better protected in a way, or maybe it was just too late.
    莎拉·安德烈奧蒂博士     斯坦陵布什大學
    “大白鯊的消失不僅令人沮喪,同時也給人一種事情就發生在眼皮底下,卻無能為力的感覺,我們看到鯊魚數量的下降,但所做的工作卻不足以讓環境得到更好的保護,也許一切為時已晚。”
     
    Her conclusion is that the great whites didn't move elsewhere, they simply died out – their turf taken over by these copper11 sharks.
    她的結論是:大白鯊并沒有遷徙到別處,只是在這個地區滅絕了,它們的地盤被這些短尾真鯊占領了。
     
    Nothing in this great white mystery is certain, except for the knowledge that we humans are, as usual, prime suspects.
    在大白鯊消失的謎團中,一切都是未知數,但有一點可以確定的是,一如既往,人類是頭號嫌疑犯。


    點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

    1 cape ITEy6     
    n.海角,岬;披肩,短披風
    參考例句:
    • I long for a trip to the Cape of Good Hope.我渴望到好望角去旅行。
    • She was wearing a cape over her dress.她在外套上披著一件披肩。
    2 predator 11vza     
    n.捕食其它動物的動物;捕食者
    參考例句:
    • The final part of this chapter was devoted to a brief summary of predator species.本章最后部分簡要總結了食肉動物。
    • Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard and a fearsome predator.科摩多龍是目前存在的最大蜥蜴,它是一種令人恐懼的捕食性動物。
    3 devastating muOzlG     
    adj.毀滅性的,令人震驚的,強有力的
    參考例句:
    • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.這是20年來破壞性最大的風暴。
    • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情確實會對婚姻造成毀滅性的影響。
    4 collapsed cwWzSG     
    adj.倒塌的
    參考例句:
    • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地癱倒在地板上。
    • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房頂在雪的重壓下突然坍塌下來。
    5 killer rpLziK     
    n.殺人者,殺人犯,殺手,屠殺者
    參考例句:
    • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心臟病已成為英國的頭號致命疾病。
    • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量證據證明是他殺死她的。
    6 apex mwrzX     
    n.頂點,最高點
    參考例句:
    • He reached the apex of power in the early 1930s.他在三十年代初達到了權力的頂峰。
    • His election to the presidency was the apex of his career.當選總統是他一生事業的頂峰。
    7 catching cwVztY     
    adj.易傳染的,有魅力的,迷人的,接住
    參考例句:
    • There are those who think eczema is catching.有人就是認為濕疹會傳染。
    • Enthusiasm is very catching.熱情非常富有感染力。
    8 harpoon adNzu     
    n.魚叉;vt.用魚叉叉,用魚叉捕獲
    參考例句:
    • The harpoon drove deep into the body of the whale.漁叉深深地扎進鯨魚體內。
    • The fisherman transfixed the shark with a harpoon.漁夫用魚叉刺住鯊魚。
    9 DNA 4u3z1l     
    (縮)deoxyribonucleic acid 脫氧核糖核酸
    參考例句:
    • DNA is stored in the nucleus of a cell.脫氧核糖核酸儲存于細胞的細胞核里。
    • Gene mutations are alterations in the DNA code.基因突變是指DNA密碼的改變。
    10 frustrating is9z54     
    adj.產生挫折的,使人沮喪的,令人泄氣的v.使不成功( frustrate的現在分詞 );挫;使受挫折;令人沮喪
    參考例句:
    • It's frustrating to have to wait so long. 要等這么長時間,真令人懊惱。
    • It was a demeaning and ultimately frustrating experience. 那是一次有失顏面并且令人沮喪至極的經歷。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
    11 copper HZXyU     
    n.銅;銅幣;銅器;adj.銅(制)的;(紫)銅色的
    參考例句:
    • The students are asked to prove the purity of copper.要求學生們檢驗銅的純度。
    • Copper is a good medium for the conduction of heat and electricity.銅是熱和電的良導體。
    TAG標簽: economic shark trourism
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